Download e-book for iPad: Afro-Central Americans in New York City: Garifuna Tales of by Sarah England

By Sarah England

ISBN-10: 0813029880

ISBN-13: 9780813029887

Born of the union among African maroons and the Island Carib on colonial St. Vincent, and later exiled to Honduras, the Garifuna lifestyle combines parts of African, Island Carib, and colonial ecu tradition. starting within the Nineteen Forties, this cultural matrix turned much more advanced as Garifuna started migrating to the USA, forming groups within the towns of recent York, New Orleans, and la. relocating among a village at the Caribbean coast of Honduras and the recent York urban neighborhoods of the South Bronx and Harlem, England strains the day-by-day lives, stories, and grassroots organizing of the Garifuna. 
Concentrating on how relatives lifestyles, neighborhood existence, and grassroots activism are conducted in international locations at the same time as Garifuna circulation backward and forward, England additionally examines the connection among the Garifuna and Honduran nationwide society and discusses a lot of the hot social activism geared up to guard Garifuna coastal villages from being expropriated through the tourism and agro-export industries.
Based on years of fieldwork in Honduras and ny, her research examines not just how this transnational procedure works but in addition the influence that the advanced racial and ethnic id of the Garifuna have at the surrounding societies. As a those who can declare to be black, indigenous, and Latino, the Garifuna have a posh dating not just with U.S. and Honduran societies but in addition with the foreign neighborhood of nongovernmental firms that suggest for the rights of indigenous peoples and blacks.

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Extra info for Afro-Central Americans in New York City: Garifuna Tales of Transnational Movements in Racialized Space

Example text

As these complexities come more and more to the fore of public awareness in the United States, other assumptions about race and ethnicity are also being rethought and reworked, in a process that detaches them more and more from each other and from their biological connotations. And yet despite the growing recognition that race, ethnicity, and nationalism are historically and culturally specific categories that do not have a biological basis, the terms are still widely used and often conflated. During my fieldwork period, I often heard Garifuna use the terms imprecisely and interchangeably, referring to themselves variously as an ethnic group, as a race, and as a nation.

But it occurred to me that this could not be the “usual” social movement of indigenous peoples struggling for rights to land because the Garifuna are not just indigenous but are also of the African diaspora. At the same time, as I was to hear again and again, they are also not “just black” but are also indigenous and Hispanic. The question that arose for me was what this complexity of identity and positionalities might mean for political consciousness and activism. What does it mean for a transnational community with a decided affinity towards “blackness” to be claiming primordial rights to territory in Central America?

This was the foundation for the chains of migration that would eventually snowball into a much larger phenomenon in the 1980s. In many ways, patterns of Garifuna migration seem to more closely resemble those of the West Indians (Kasinitz 1992; Levine 1987; Palmer 1990; Patterson 1987; Richardson 1992) and Mexicans (Chavez 1998; Kearney and Stuart 1981; Massey, Alarcon, Burand, and Gonzalez 1990; Mines 1981)—always present, always economically motivated, but not driven by crisis. In contrast, larger patterns of Central American migration to the United States have been understood as a response to economic crisis and political turmoil that began in the 1970s and intensified in the 1980s.

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Afro-Central Americans in New York City: Garifuna Tales of Transnational Movements in Racialized Space by Sarah England

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