By James Crawford
A suite of 18 essays addressing the coverage and politics of training English language freshmen. matters contain demographic switch and its academic implications, American responses to language variety, public controversies over bilingual schooling, high-stakes checking out and its impression on English language novices, and the precarious prestige of language rights within the united states.
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Extra info for Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism)
In many voters’ minds, this boiled down to bilingual education vs. ‘English for the children’? With the issue 43 W:\Clients\MLM\Crawford\ Crawford Proof 3 27 February 2008 17:00:33 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Advocating for English Learners 42 framed in this way, how many voters without independent knowledge of the issues would have chosen the former? Not many. ’ Apparently, it never occurred to most of these likely voters that bilingual education is a means to that end. Should reporters investigate how well bilingual programs are working in this regard?
Conversely, the stigma of inferiority attached to minority tongues is often internalized by children who speak them (Tse, 2001). In the Miami-San Diego survey, 72% of immigrant students said they preferred to use English as their usual language (Portes & Hao, 1998). The researchers cited strong pressures on these children to assimilate, combined with few opportunities to develop heritage languages in school and limited respect for such skills outside ethnic communities. Society’s message to immigrants is implicit but unmistakable: knowing one language is better than knowing two.
Yet it’s unsupported by solid research or reasoning. *Commentary for the San Jose Mercury News, May 31, 1998. 31 33 W:\Clients\MLM\Crawford\ Crawford Proof 3 27 February 2008 17:00:32 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Advocating for English Learners 32 Ron Unz claims ‘the current system’ has a ‘95% failure rate,’ based (loosely) on the proportion of English learners who are not ‘redesignated’ as fluent in English each year (English for the Children, 1997). That’s a nonsensical standard.
Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism) by James Crawford