By Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin
Because the early Sixties, a few 1.3 million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, essentially to Israel and the USA. principally end result of the ingenious and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their acquaintances through the international this nice exodus had very important ramifications for US kinfolk with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel. furthermore, the luck of yankee Jews in mounting and maintaining this lobbying attempt represented a coming of age for the neighborhood, which on a number of many years ahead of have been not able to extricate hundreds of thousands of Jews from Europe and the Nazis. This publication, half background, half social gathering, combines essays via students with memoirs and primary hand debts to chronicle this outstanding rescue project.
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Shuster, Upton Sinclair, Reinhold Niebuhr, Sidney Hook, Edgar Alan Mowrer, and Horace Kallen. They urged “freedom-loving individuals . . ” In a letter to the New York Times, seven prominent American writers (Saul Bellow, Leslie Fiedler, Irving Howe, Alfred Kazin, Philip Rahv, Lionel Trilling, and Robert Penn Warren) appealed to the Soviet government to permit Jews to emigrate, noting that Israel and other countries were ready to receive them. Eleanor Roosevelt expressed her concerns about Soviet government discrimination against Jews in a meeting with Khrushchev, who rejected the accusation.
Joseph Shapiro described the plot in the 1954 American Jewish Yearbook as “an unheard of outbreak of anti-Semitism. Together with the agents of [Lavrenti] Beria’s [secret police] apparatus . . Jews were to be made scapegoats for all the failures and crimes of the Friedman & Chernin: A Second Exodus 20 page 20 ov e rv i e w Soviet regime. . [To this end] a worldwide ‘Jewish conspiracy’ was invented. . All this was accompanied by a barrage of propaganda . . to show . . Jews . . [as] traitors, spies, imperialist agents, embezzlers and outright murderers .
The book, Judaism Without Embellishment by Trofim Kitchko, a Ukrainian professor, drew upon traditional anti-Semitic canards in its scurrilous attack on the Jewish religion. Abram’s revelations stirred worldwide denunciations of the book. S. Communist Party, asserted, “There is no doubt in my mind about the anti-Semitic character of what I have seen. , on 4 April 1964, by the Ideological Commission of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party. It declared in an official statement in Pravda: “The author of the book and the authors of the preface wrongly interpreted some questions concerning the emergence and development of this religion [Judaism].
A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews by Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin